What are the 10 longest rivers in the world?
The 10 longest rivers in the world have been crucial to the history of humankind. Providing life-giving access to water and transport, the longest rivers in the world are the ‘arteries of our planet’. Whilst you might be able to name a handful of the 10 longest rivers in the world, it’s unlikely you’ll know them all! Therefore, we’re sharing the complete list of rivers along with interesting facts about these waterways.
But first, there are a few things to keep in mind. Some of these measurements are approximated. This is because it is up for debate as to the true sources of several of these rivers. Secondly, as they are natural features, the longest rivers in the world indeed change in length and form over the centuries. Nevertheless, whether you’re planning a Nile River cruise or an adventure on the Amazon, here are the 10 longest rivers in the world!
1. River Nile
Countries: Ethiopia, Eritrea, Sudan, Uganda, Tanzania, Kenya, Rwanda, Burundi, Egypt, Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan
Stretching for 6,650 kilometres (4,130 miles) the River Nile is the longest river on earth. Famously, the source of the Nile is disputed. Both the ‘White Nile’ and the ‘Blue Nile’ are said to mark the beginning of this record-breaking river. The White Nile begins in Lake Victoria, Tanzania, whilst the Blue Nile begins in Ethiopia at Lake Tana. From here, the river flows northwards, passing through much of East Africa on its way to Egypt. Indeed, the Egyptian section of the Nile is the most famous, and popular for historic river cruises. Nevertheless, the importance of this river to humans and wildlife cannot be understated. The yearly flooding of the Nile provided fertile soil for Ancient Egyptian agriculture. Eventually, the Nile empties into the Mediterranean Sea, where it finishes its long journey.
2. Amazon River
Countries: Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana
In second place is the eternal Amazon River. Present in much of South America, the Amazon River is at the heart of the Amazon rainforest, sustaining incredible wildlife and pristine eco-systems. Beginning in the Andes, the Amazon might not be the longest river, but it is the largest. In fact, it has a width of up to 190 kilometres during the rainy season and lets out around 209,000 cubic meters of water into the Atlantic Ocean every second! Measuring approximately 6,400 kilometres (3,976 miles) in length, this vast waterway is a popular travel destination. Cruises and boat trips on the Amazon River invite travellers to discover the natural abundance of the rainforest.
3. Yangtze River
The longest river in Asia, the Yangtze is contained entirely within the country of China. Indeed, the river continues to be of utmost importance to the culture and economy of China, with around 400 million people living on the banks of this life-giving water source today. Beginning in the Tibetan Plateau, the Yangtze flows eastwards, ending in the East China Sea near Shanghai. With a length of 6,300 kilometres (3,917 miles) it is one of the top 10 longest rivers in the world. Furthermore, it’s an important source of tourism in China. River cruises along the scenic Three Gorges region are an ideal way to take in the incredible landscapes of this beautiful part of China.
4. Mississippi River
Countries: United States, Canada
Although debate surrounds the true length of the Mississippi, it’s generally considered to be the fourth-longest river in the world. Measured from Brower’s Spring in Montana, the Mississippi River has a total length of 6,275 kilometres (3,902 miles). Its vast delta sustains a rich ecosystem of wildlife, supporting a wide variety of migratory birds, reptiles and amphibians.
5. Yenisei River
Countries: Russia, Mongolia
A river you may not have heard of before, the Yenisei is one of the 10 longest rivers in the world. Beginning in northern Mongolia, the Yenisei rises up through Central Siberia until it reaches its outlet in the Kara Sea, part of the Arctic Ocean. Its importance cannot be understated, as the river is a source of power, food and transportation for a number of remote Siberian communities such as the Ket and Yugh people. Furthermore, its river banks sustain the largest reindeer herd in the world during the winter grazing season. With a total length of 5,539 kilometres (3,445 miles) it’s fifth on our list of the 10 longest rivers on earth.
6. Yellow River
Beginning in the Bayankala Mountains of western China, the Yellow River flows through nine provinces before emptying into the Bohai Sea. With a total length of 5,464 kilometres (3,395 miles), it is number 6 on the list of the 10 longest rivers on earth. The river gets its name due to the high silt content of its waters, which give it a muddy, yellow colour. The history of the Yellow River is fascinating. Thought to be the birthplace of Chinese civilization, this river and its basin have been critical to the economic development of northern China. On the other hand, it’s also been a source of frequent natural disasters, with devastating floods marring the long history of the Yellow River. Nevertheless, to visit the Yellow River is to visit a place where ancient dynasties were born and the river is crucial to understanding Chinese history.
7. Ob-Irtysh River
Countries: Russia, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia
A product of the merging of two rivers (Ob and Irtysh), the Ob-Irtysh River spends half of the year in a frozen state, due to its location in the unforgiving climate of Western Siberia. With a total length of 5,410 kilometres (3,364 miles), the main bulk of the waterway can be found in Russia. In fact, the most important city found on the banks of the Ob-Irtysh is Novosibirsk a stop on the famous Trans-Siberian Railway route.
8. Rio de la Plata
Countries: Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, Bolivia, Uruguay
Another great river of South America is the Rio de la Plata, or ‘River Plate’. Formed by the confluence of the Uruguay River and the Paraná River in Uruguay, the Rio de la Plata empties into the Atlantic Ocean at the estuary between Buenos Aires and Montevideo. While the Rio de la Plata itself is only 290 kilometres long, its tributaries (the Uruguay River and the Paraná River) make it one of the world’s longest rivers, with a total length of 4,880 kilometres (3,030 miles). Furthermore, it is officially the widest river in the world, measuring some 220 kilometres at its widest point.
9. Congo River
Countries: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Zambia, Burundi, Rwanda
In the heart of Africa lies the Congo River, the deepest river on earth. Simply enormous, this winding river supports incredible ecosystems throughout central and eastern Africa. Beginning in the DMRC, the course of this river heads eastwards, eventually emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. Crossing the equator twice on its course towards the sea, the Congo River is an important source of water for forest-dwelling animals such as elephants, gorillas and hyenas. It measures 4,700 kilometres (2,922 miles) in total.
10. Amur River
Countries: China, Mongolia, Russia
Last but not least, the Amur River is the number 10 on our list of the 10 longest rivers in the world. Forming a geographical border between the Russian Far East and China, the Amur River originates near the sacred mountain of Burkan Khaldun. This mountain in Mongolia is believed to be the birthplace of Genghis Khan. What’s fascinating about this river is the wide variety of ecosystems sustained by its flow. From boreal forests to deserts and tundras, the Amur flows through them all. At 4,444 kilometres (2,763 miles) in length, this little known river is an important source of life and cultural heritage to many remote communities in this part of the world.
Bonus: Volga River (Europe’s longest river)
Flowing through Central Russia to Southern Russia and into the Caspian Sea, the Volga is 3,531 kilometres (2,194 miles) long. As Europe’s longest river, it deserved a mention on our list! Furthermore, it’s an important destination for river cruises. Passing through the most important cities in the country including St. Peterburg and Moscow, the Volga is an essential part of Russian history and culture.
So, now you know the 10 longest rivers in the world! Ready to get out and explore? Discover our range of globe-trotting trips and latest river cruises on our official website:
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